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Site record

Site name

Site location

20 Fenchurch Street, EC3 


City of London 



Greater London SMR No.



Latitude: 51.5111831 Longitude: -0.0835739 


National Grid Ref.




Type of fieldwork


Archaeological periods

Roman; 17th century 


London Archaeologist Round-up 2008: Following a watching brief in 2007 (LA 12, supp.1 (2008), 7 (FCU05)), the first of three planned phases of excavation was undertaken on the S and central parts of the site. Natural deposits consisted of gravels capped in places by brickearth. Early Roman occupation consisted of surfaces, post pits, beam slots and other structural evidence from the 1st and 2nd centuries, although these were somewhat fragmentary due to later truncation. A line of large structural postholes on the N side of the site, early in the sequence, indicated the presence of a 1st-c building. Some of these features may belong to the 1st-c fort found to the E (LA 9, supp. 3 (2000), 70 (FER97)). In the centre of the site three sides of a late Roman cellar were found. Most of the masonry had been robbed out after its disuse but the substantial ragstone foundations remained to show that it had been part of an impressive building. To the N the wall was dug deeply into the natural slope, forming a terrace behind it. The ceiling had been supported by a large square brick column base, the mortar floor laid directly above the natural sands. Part of the cellar was later divided off by a thin partition wall between the column and the S edge; a second mortar floor may have been associated with this phase. Finds from the site include jewellery, Roman painted wall plaster and a glass sherd with the letter ‘A’ inscribed on it. Survival from later periods was mostly confined to deep pits, including medieval chalk-lined cesspits, a barrel well and 17th-c refuse pits. 

Related sites:


No. of Related publications:

No related publications.

Total Registered Find records in database


Total Bulk Find records in database


Deposited Archive Contents:

No deposits.

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