Richard Newcourt (c.1610-1679) was a distinguished cartographer. Many of his maps and drawings had been published, including an important map of London in 1658, showing the city before the Great Fire. After the fire he submitted a grid-plan design for rebuilding London. It consisted of 55 identical rectangular blocks, each with a church in the centre. Like other plans, it was never executed. Newcourt's layout was particularly impractical as it required the demolition of houses untouched by the fire. However, its rigid grid and block plan was likely to have been the inspiration for the layout of two American cities - Philadelphia (in 1683) and Savannah (in 1733). His plan is now held by the Guildhall Library.
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